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سایت شخصی خانم فرشچیان وب گاه تخصصی زبان انگلیسی - کلمات جدید دیکشنری آکسفورد (بخش دوم)

کلمات جدید دیکشنری آکسفورد (بخش دوم)

 

نوع مطلب :مطالب مفید درسی و مقالات ،

New words in OALD- Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

part two

 

Telecoms

Texters of the world, top up your phones and text! Want 2 talk? Make sure you use hands-free if you're driving! If the language of telecoms is a mystery to you, start with this list.


  • chatline: 1 a telephone service which allows a number of people who call in separately to have a conversation, especially for fun2 a telephone service which people can call to talk to somebody about sex in order to feel sexually excited
  • clamshell: having a lid or other part that opens and shuts like the shell of a clam
  • fascia: 1 (also facia) = dashboard2 (also fascia board) a board on the roof of a house, at the end of the rafters3 (also facia) a board above the entrance of a shop/store, with the name of the shop on it4 (also facia) the hard cover on a mobile phone/cell phone
  • landline: a telephone connection that uses wires carried on poles or under the ground, in contrast to a mobile/cell phone
  • ringtone: the sound a telephone makes when somebody is calling you. Ringtones are often short tunes, and the word is especially used to refer to the different sounds mobile phones/cell phones make when they ring
  • roaming: using a mobile/cell phone by connecting to a different company's network, for example when you are in a different country
  • SIM card: the abbreviation for subscriber identification module (a plastic card inside a mobile/cell phone that stores information to identify the phone and the person using it)
  • SMS: 1 [uncountable] the abbreviation for ‘short message service’ (a system for sending short written messages from one mobile/cell phone to another)2 [countable] a message sent by SMS
  • talktime: the amount of time that a mobile/cell phone can be used for calls without needing more power or more payments
  • text message: a written message that you send using a mobile/cell phone
  • top-up card: a card that you buy for a mobile/cell phone so that you can make more calls to the value of the card
  • WAP: wireless application protocol (a technology that links devices such as mobile phones/cell phones to the Internet)

The arts

We're all post-modern now, so whether you're a culture vulture or you prefer culture lite, you should find something here for you to get into.

  • airport fiction: novels that are popular and easy to read, often bought by people at airports
  • bhangra: a type of dance music that combines traditional Punjabi music from India and Pakistan with Western pop music
  • Bollywood: used to refer to the Hindi film/movie industry, which mainly takes place in the Indian city of Mumbai (formerly called Bombay)
  • book group: a group of people who meet together regularly to discuss a book they have all read
  • brutalism: a style of architecture used especially in the 1950s and 60s which uses large concrete blocks, steel, etc, and is sometimes considered ugly and unpleasant
  • Cantopop: a type of pop music that combines Cantonese words and Western pop music
  • chick lit: novels that are intended especially for women, often with a young, single woman as the main character
  • conceptual art: art in which the idea which the work of art represents is considered to be the most important thing about it
  • dead white European male: a writer, scientist or other famous figure from the past that some people may consider more important than other writers, etc. just because he belongs to the group of people who have most power in society
  • graphic novel: a novel in the form of a comic strip
  • tribute band: a group of musicians who play the music of a famous band and copy the way they look and sound
  • trip hop: a type of dance music, which is a mixture of hip hop and reggae, has a slow beat, and is intended to create a relaxed atmosphere

Science

Try to keep up with the new ologies - it's not rocket science! These new science words will bring you up to speed.

  • catastrophe theory: part of mathematics that deals with systems that sometimes change suddenly
  • dark matter: according to some theories, material which exists in space that does not produce any light
  • DNA fingerprinting: genetic fingerprinting
  • ecocide: the destruction of the natural environment, especially when this is deliberate
  • Gaia: the Earth, considered as a single natural system which organizes and controls itself
  • googol : the number 10100, or 1 followed by 100 zeros
  • green audit: an official examination of the effect of a company's business on the environment
  • greening: green verb
  • light pollution: the existence of too much artificial light in the environment, for example from street lights, which makes it difficult to see the stars
  • meme: a type of behaviour that is passed from one member of a group to another, not in the genes but by another means such as people copying it
  • terraform: to make a planet more like Earth, so that people can live on it
  • wormhole: 1 a hole made by a worm or young insect2 (physics) a possible connection between regions of space-time that are far apart

Sport

If you want to be the winningest, you'll need to break through the pain barrier. This list of new sports vocabulary will help you stay ahead of the game.

  • free climbing: the sport of climbing steep rock surfaces using very little equipment to help you
  • Windies: the West Indian cricket team
  • hospital pass: the sport of riding on a short wide board called a wakeboard while being pulled along through the water by a fast boat
  • personal trainer: a person who is paid by somebody to help them exercise, especially by deciding what types of exercise are best for them
  • funboard: a fast light board used in windsurfing
  • fakie: a movement backwards on a skateboard or snowboard
  • golden goal: (in some football ( soccer ) competitions) the first goal scored during extra time, which ends the game and gives victory to the team that scores the goal
  • extreme sports: sports that are extremely exciting to do and often dangerous, for example skydiving and bungee jumping
  • capoeira: a Brazilian system of movements which is similar to dance and martial arts
  • pitch invasion: an occasion when a crowd of people who are watching a sports game run onto the field, for example to celebrate something or protest about something
  • slam dunk: 1 (in basketball) the act of jumping up and putting the ball through the net with a lot of force2 (North American English, informal) something that is certain to be successful
  • wakeboarding: the sport of riding on a short wide board called a wakeboard while being pulled along through the water by a fast boat

 





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