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سایت شخصی خانم فرشچیان وب گاه تخصصی زبان انگلیسی - نمونه سوال آواشناسی

نمونه سوال آواشناسی

 

نوع مطلب :نمونه سوال ،

Phonetics Questions

Directions: Choose the best choice (a, b, c, or d) and mark it on your answer sheet.

1. Dialect is a variety of a given language which is different from others in pronunciation,

vocabulary, grammar and ……………..

a. phonetics b. phoneme c. lexicon d. word other

2. Esturay English, when compared whit a BBC accent, uses a number of …………. that was

not approved before.

a. glottal stops b. fricatives c. affricates d. nasals

 

3. In vowel articulation there is no ……… to the flow of air as it passes through the vocal

apparatus.

a. cavity b. division c. obstruction d. distribution

 

4. Vowels are classified according to three criteria. These are …………………

a. their tongue height, their frontness or backness, their place of articulation

b. their tongue height, their frontness or backness, lip-rounding

c. their tongue position, their frontness, their manner of articulation

d. their frontness or backness, their tongue height, voicing

 

5. The vowel sound in put and push is …………….

a. back, open and spread b. back, close and rounded

c. front, close and rounded d. front, open and unrounded

 

6. The length of all English vowels varies very much according to their …….. and the presence or

absence of stress.

A. context b. symbol c. shape d. movement

 

7.The vowel sound in sheep and seat is ………. .

a. front, close and rounded b. back, open and rounded

c. back, close and rounded d. front, close and rounded

8. Which of the following words consists the centring diphthong / c /?

a. scarce b. tour c. fierce d. cairn

 

9. A ……….. is a glide from one vowel to another and then to a third.

a. pure vowel b. cardinal vowel c. diphthong d. triphthong

 

10. The main structure of the ……………… is made of cartilage.

a. vocal cords b. velum c. pharynx d. larynx

 

11. Arytenoid cartilages cause closing and opening of the ……………

a. pharynx b. glottis c. lungs d. velum

 

12. When shouthing, we produce voicing whit high…………

a. intensity b. quality c. frequency d.vibration

 

13. English has …… plosives that can occur …….…… its words.

a. 6 / in all positions b. 6 / in initial and final positions

c. 5 / in initial and medial positions d. 8 / in initial and final positions

 

14. Which of the following consonants is lenis?

a. /p/ b. /s/ c. /g/ d. /k/

 

15. Phonemes are ……….. units of sound.

a. slight b. infinite c. abstract d. concrete

 

16. Suprasegmental phonology deals with sound …….. that extend over several segments.

a. similarities b. redundancies c. contrasts d. pieces

 

17. The sounds [t] and [] are ………. because both are made with the tongue blade against the

alveolar ridge.

a. affricate b. continuous c. suprasegmental d. homorgenic

 

18. Which of the following words starts with a voiced, fricative, dental consonant?

a. thin b. there c. sing d. zip

 

19. Which word includes a velar nasal?

a. bent b. bank c. not d. send

 

20. In approximant articulation the articulators just ……… each other and do not make a

complete or partial closure.

a. approach b. touch c. arternate d. raise

 

21. Non - rhotic accents are those in which r only occurs ………….

a. after vowels b. after consonants c. before consonants d. before vowels

 

22. In which of the following pair of words the j and w sounds are devoiced and slightly

fricative?

a. quit and twin b. tune and sweet c. queue and swear d. duel and swift

 

23. A minimum syllable is made of ……….. .

a. just one consonant b. just one vowel

c. a consonant and a vowel d. two consonants and a vowel

 

24. Which of the following words begins with a two-consonant cluster?

a. strong b. president c. think d. short

 

25. Reading BBC accent, which of the following words lacks coda?

a. bet b. are c. ax d. bagged

 

26. The word coddling is transcribed as………….

a. /0kZwt/ b. /0kZdlwng/ c. /0kadļwng/ d. /0cZwt/

 

27. What are the components of prominence in stressed syllables?

a. loudness, level, pitch and quality b. height, length, quality and frequency

c. loudness, length, pitch and quality d. frequency, height, pitch, level

 

28. The words export (N) and produce (V) are transcribed as …………… and …………. ,

respectively.

a. /wk0sp]:t/ - /0prodju:s/ b. /ek0spo:t/ - /0prZdjus/

c. /0eksp]:t/ - /prc0dju:s/ d. /0wkspo:t/ - /prc0dus/

 

29. What is the transcription of “He was here a minute ago”?

a. /hi wcz hwcr c 0mwnwt c0gc/ b. /hi: w]z hwer c0mwnwt c0gc/

c. /hc wcz hwcr c mw0nwt c0go/ d. /hi wZz hw0er c mwnwt c0ge/

 

30. In which of the following words the final consonant is an affricate?

a. sixths b. hinged c. lapsed d. John

 

31. Sometimes, the contrasts between phonemes which exist in other places in the language

disappear. This is known as …………… .

a. glottalisation b. distribution c. nazalisation d. neutralisation

 

32. English has stress-timed…………… .

a. voicing b. contractions c. syllables d. rhythm

 

33. Assimilation may vary according to speaking ………….. and style.

a. structure b. rate c. impression d. measurement

 

34. In rapid, casual speech, the week vowel after p, t, k disappear. This phonetic process is

known as …………

a. neutralization b. assimilation c. elision d. realiztion

 

35. Pitch is described in terms of ……………..

a.voicing and devoicing b. high and low

c. form and function d. tail and head

 

36. An utterance is a continuous piece of speech beginnig and ending with a clear ………..

a. tone b. stress c. obstruction d. pause

 

37. The tone-unit, in its smallest form , may consist of ……….

a. only one vowel b. only one syllable

c. only two syllables d. just two words

 

38. The syllables located between the tonic syllable and the end of the ………. are called the tail.

a. tone-unit b. tonic stress c. pre-head d. nucleus

 

39. How many tonic syllables are there in each simple tone-unit?

a. One b. None c. Two d. Three

 

40. Regarding the tow words, ‘my turn’, /maw tf:n/, the m and n sounds are said to be in a

position of ………

a. close juncture b. external open juncture

c assimilation d. moving tone. regressive





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